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In nearly all populations throughout the world there are substantially more older women than men.
The ratio of older women to men: historical perspectives and cross-national comparisons
Although there are many biological explanations for why women have greater longevity than men, the higher proportion of women in the older population appears to be a phenomenon of the twentieth century. Using contemporary data on population size and life expectancy in a large of countries and historical life table data from a diverse subset of countries, cross-national contrasts and historical trends in the female to male ratio are explored.
In the 's, only 4 countries had fewer women than men in the age group 75 years and older. In all countries studied, the female to male ratio increased as the century progressed. Historical life woman data were used to calculate the probability of surviving through 5 stages of life: ages 0 to 5, 5 to 15, 15 to 40, 40 to 65, and 65 to Although the probability of survival through all age intervals increased dramatically during the century, the current and in the size of the older populations of men and women can be explained primarily by the divergence in male and female probabilities of survival for the two older age intervals as the century progressed.
Thus, with higher life expectancy, whether it be comparing countries or over time within a country, the proportion of the older population that is female is greater. Changes in survival probability in middle and late life, rather than childhood and young adulthood, have been responsible for the increased of women compared to men in the older population.
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Women caring for retired men: a continuation of inequality in the sport marriage
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RSS Link Copy. Cite Display options Display options. Abstract In nearly all populations throughout the world there are substantially more older women than men. Comment in A hidden tragedy: why do women not always live longer than men? Benagiano G, Pera A. Benagiano G, et al. Aging Milano. PMID: No abstract available. Similar articles Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for causes of death, a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study Epub Dec Age-specific and sex-specific mortality in countries, a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study Wang H, et al.
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Cited by 3 articles A population where men live as long as women: villagrande strisaili, sardinia. Poulain M, et al. J Aging Res. Epub Oct Mortality in relation to sex in the affluent world. Rigby JE, Dorling D. Rigby JE, et al.
J Epidemiol Community Health.
Ageing and telomeres: a study into organ- and gender-specific telomere shortening. Cherif H, et al. Nucleic Acids Res. Publication types Comparative Study Actions. MeSH terms Adolescent Actions. Adult Actions.
Aged Actions. Child Actions.
Child, Preschool Actions. Female Actions. Humans Actions.
Infant Actions. Infant, Newborn Actions.